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Information by Autonomous Community
The Autonomous Community of the Basque Country is heavily conditioned by its location next to the Gulf of Biscay. Although varied, climate predictions for the end of the century include rising temperatures and sea levels, a reduction in overall precipitation levels and an increase in extreme weather phenomena, such as heatwaves and torrential rain. When applied to the various orographic, urbanistic and climate conditions of the Basque Country, these variations define each geographical area's vulnerability to the different impacts. In general, coastal areas and towns and villages set on river banks will be affected by rising sea levels and torrential rain, which will make flooding more probable. The urban climate and heatwaves will be influenced by phenomena referred to as "heat islands" and both the natural environment and the primary sector will be affected by environmental changes as a result of the availability of water and changes to plant cycles.
The Basque Plan for the Fight against climate change (2008-2012) focuses on "ensuring that, by 2020, the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country has taken irreversible steps towards consolidating a socio-economic model that does not depend on carbon, minimising our vulnerability with regard to climate change". Accordingly, said plan includes two priorities: (1) reacting to climate change and preparing for its consequences; (2) fostering a culture of innovation to move towards a sustainable Basque economy based on clean production and consumption that is not carbon-dependent.