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Energy production and transportation face a series of impacts brought about by climate change. These include changes to seasonal and annual trends in energy demand and variations in the electric power mix – which will depend less on hydroelectricity due to diminishing water resources.
Other foreseeable impacts in this sector include modifications to thermal, nuclear and cogeneration power station efficiency rates, greater cooling needs, a loss in the transmission capacity of high voltage cables and damage to energy infrastructures caused by an increase in extreme weather phenomena.
Nevertheless, these impacts will also open up numerous opportunities to innovate and improve the efficiency of new technologies.